Agricultural production is an essential pillar for the economies and livelihoods of many countries. Moreover, agriculture is the source of food for all and in Kenya, it is considered the backbone of the economy. Here is a list of agribusiness ideas In Kenya.
1. Poultry Farming
Poultry involves the rearing of chicken either indigenous (Kienyeji), layers or broilers. In addition, improved Kienyeji is also a species that can be kept by farmers. Although other birds like Quail and Guinea fowl are also reared, chicken is the most common in Kenya. The advantage of poultry farming is that eggs are consumed more than meat in Kenya. This makes it one of the main agribusiness ideas in Kenya.
Requirements for poultry farming in Kenya
- Housing: You can go for deep litter housing system or battery-cage poultry house depending on the type of bird you want to keep.
- Availability of poultry farming equipment: You should ensure you have the necessary farming equipment like cages, coops, perches, nests, ventilation systems, and waterers.
- Good breed chicks: If you want to be profitable, then you should invest in quality chicks. Some of the breeds you should invest in include the cornish cross, jersey giant, and bresse.
- Have the right feeding knowledge: You should know how to feed your chicks the right way. To save on the cost of feeds, it will be better if you learn how to make poultry feeds yourself.
To keep chicken, you will not need a lot of space as the structure can fit in a ¼ acre. For maximum profit from poultry farming, you will have to market your brand in hotels, supermarkets, exports, schools, etc. In the market, the indigenous chicken can be sold for around Ksh. 1,000.
2. Vegetable Farming
Kenyans love ugali and as such, the largest population in the country consumes vegetables. For your information, most vegetables offer high returns in just 3 months of planting. Some of the vegetables that have proved to be profitable in the country are Cabbages, Onions, Capsicums, cucumbers, watermelons, and carrots.
Requirements for Vegetable farming
- Conducive climate: Vegetables are delicate and if you dont have the right climate, you may encounter losses if you invest in vegetable farming. The keny consideration is temperature which should range between 18°-24°C.
- Right cultivation techniques: Cultivation aims to kill weeds from your vegetable farm. Therefore, the right way to do this is to cultivate at the most favourable time for weed. This should be exactly when the weeds are breaking through the soil surface.
- Irrigation: If you live in an arid or sem-arid areas like the north-eastern parts of Kenya, you will need to irrigate your vegetables. For the safety of your vegetables, you should use either surface irrigation or sprinkler irrigation.
- Fertilizer: Soild fertility plays a key role at how much you will harvest. To imporve the fertility of your soil and thus harvest, you need to use fertilizer. Suitable methods for fertilizer application include scattering and mixing with the soil before planting, and raw application or top dressing during vegetable growth.
If you have sufficient water and irrigation equipment, you can plant vegetables even in dry seasons of which will make you a lot of money. Therefore, vegetable farming is among the most profitable agribusiness ideas in Kenya.
3. Dairy Farming
Most Kenyans value milk in their diet, especially when making tea. In the market, a packet of milk goes for Ksh. 35 in processing plants while in the shops, the same packet is Ksh. 60. This, therefore, makes dairy farming very profitable.
Requirements for dairy farming
- Animal feeding and watering: Dairy cows requires a lot of water and food. Therefore, before embarking on this investment, ensure you have enough water supply and food like napier grass and hay.
- Proper hygiene: For the quality of milk produced, you have to keep your cows in a clean place. Within your cow shade, you have to ensure proper ventilation to aid keep away parasites lite ticks.
- Regular health check-up for animals.
4. Fish Farming
Some of the fish raised by farmers for profits in the country are Nile Perch, Catfish, Tilapia among others. Fish farming is on-demand in the country with many hotels and supermarkets issuing tenders for fish supply. Moreover, during important events, some secondary schools also make orders for fish. The market price for a kilogram of fish is Ksh. 500.
Requirements for fish farming
- Fish food and refrigeration
- Water testing kits and equipment to esnure that the quality of water is right for the fish
- Water aerators
- Initial parent fish or eggs
- Tanks and pumps.
Beekeeping requires very low capital to start. When kept in the right conditions, beekeeping promises high returns. With as low as Ksh. 3,000, you can put up your beekeeping business in Kenya. You will only need to build a Langstroth beehive from a carpenter of your choice. Additionally, you will need veils, bee suits, and smokers. If you adhere to these, this is a profitable agribusiness idea in the country.
Requirements for Beekeeping
- Beekeeping equipment like bee hive, smokers, and gloves
- Nucleus colony of honey bees
- An environment with flowers where bees can get nectar
Must Read: How to easily start a profitable business
6. Pig Farming
Many people in the country love Pork as it is white meat. The advantage of pigs is that they are not demanding. To put up this business, look for the best breeds based on your location and their reproduction ability.
The common pig breeds in the country are the large white, landrace Hampshire and duroc. Because of the high demand for pork and other pig products in Kenya, it is a profitable agribusiness idea in the country.
Requirements for pig farming
- Adequate space of at least 24 square meters for two pregnant sows.
- A quiet environment. Pigs will not grow well in a noisy environment
- Enough food
7. Sheep and Goat Farming
Goat and Sheep farming does not require huge capital to start. Goats can be reared for their milk and meat while sheep are kept for their meat and wool. Additionally, the two will give you manure which you can sell or use on your farm.
Sheep and goat meat is sold at higher prices as compared to beef. Therefore, rearing sheep and goats and selling them for meat is among the profitable agribusiness investment in Kenya.
Requirements for Sheep and Goat keeping
- Enough space
- Enough food
- Clean environment
8. Bull Rearing
Bulls have been kept for long in the country for various reasons. The two main reasons as to why they are kept are for their meat and semen production. Apart from selling the bull for meat, their semen is also sold for use in the laboratory for Artificial Insemination (AI).
Requirements for bull rearing
- Enough food
- Enough space
- A clean environment
- Sufficient water supply
9. Garlic Farming
Garlic is a highly valued horticultural crop under the onion family. The crop is valued for its flavor in food and other health benefits. In its optimum conditions and good care, the crop does very well. Additionally, it is a profitable agribusiness idea as garlic takes about 6 months to be harvested.
Before you embark on garlic farming, you will have to understand the local varieties, get certified seeds, good soils, and the best environment.
Requirements for garlic farming
- Fertile, well-drained soil
- A soild pH of between 5.5 to 6.8
- Deep cultivation for rooting depth
- Moderate humidity and rainfall
- A temperature range of between 12-24 °C.
10. Passion Fruit
Passion fruit is among the main fruit exports by Kenya. Apart from being exported, the local market demand is also high. The fruit is either consumed fresh or its pulp taken to make juice and other products like Yoghurt. The popular types in Kenya are the purple variety that does well in high altitudes and the yellow variety which is highly productive and also resistant to diseases.
Requirements for passion fruit farming
- An altitute of between 1200 to 2000m above sea level
- An optimum temperature of between 18-25 °C
- Well-drained soil with a pH of 6.0.
Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)
Which is the most profitable crop to grow in Kenya?
Onions and tomatoes are the most profitable crops to grow in Kenya. The profitability of onions and tomatoes is based on the fact that most household in the country uses them on daily basis. When preparing their lunch and supper meals, Kenyans use tomatoes and onions as spices. These are the most used spices in the country.
Although tomatoes have a varying season due to rain fluctuation, it’s your responsibility as the farmer to prepare yourself. If you want to remain profitable, invest in irrigation equipment so that during dry seasons, you can still make harvests.
Which farming business is profitable?
Vegetable farming is very profitable in Kenya. Many people in the country have realized the importance of including vegetables in their meals. In most health institutions, people are being advised to eat more veggies to remain healthy. Therefore, as many people turn to vegetables, the demand keeps rising in the country. Those in the vegetable farming business stand to make a profit.
Fast-moving vegetables for farmers in the country are kales, cabbage, and tomatoes. If you decide to invest in these vegetables with the right information, you are on the right track towards profitable farming.
Which are the profitable fruits to grow in Kenya
The top 5 profitable fruits to grow in Kenya are:
- Macademia nuts