How to Bake a Cake Using a Jiko Easily: The Ultimate Guide for 2024

Cakes are a fan-favorite dessert worldwide. While they are readily available for purchase, preparing them at home is better and cheaper. If you want to treat your family and friends to a homemade cake but don’t have an oven, relax because a jiko is equal to the task. This article will help you understand how to bake a cake using a jiko so you can satisfy the craving of your loved ones.

Baking a Cake Using a Jiko

Before you begin baking, ensure you have all the necessities in place. That will help you have an easy time for the best results. Here are the requirements:


  • 2 cups all-purpose flour
  • 2 cups granulated sugar
  • 1 cup unsweetened cocoa powder
  • 1 1/2 tsp baking powder
  • 1 1/2 tsp baking soda
  • 1 tsp salt
  • 2 eggs
  • 1 cup buttermilk
  • 1/2 cup vegetable oil
  • 2 tsp vanilla extract
  • 1 cup boiling water


  • A Jiko 
  • A round cake pan
  • Aluminum foil
  • Wire rack
  • Mixing bowls
  • Whisk
  • Spatula
  • Oven mitts or heat-resistant gloves


  1. Prepare the Jiko:
  • Set up your Jiko and light a charcoal or wood fire. Let it burn until you have a bed of hot coals. You want a consistent heat source.
  1. Prepare the Cake Batter:
  • In a mixing bowl, combine the flour, sugar, cocoa powder, baking powder, baking soda, and salt.
  • In another bowl, beat the eggs and then add buttermilk, vegetable oil, and vanilla extract. Mix well.
  • Gradually add the wet mixture to the dry mixture and stir until well combined.
  • Slowly pour in the boiling water and mix until the batter is smooth.
  1. Grease the round cake pan or sufuria with some butter or oil and then dust it with a bit of flour. This prevents the cake from sticking to the pan.
  2. Pour the cake batter into the prepared cake pan or sufuria, making sure it’s evenly distributed.
  3. To protect the cake from direct heat, wrap the sufuria in a few layers of aluminum foil. Make sure it’s tightly sealed around the pan.
  4. Baking on the Jiko:
  • Place the cake pan or sufuria on the wire rack, ensuring there’s some space between the sufuria and the coals. The goal is to bake using indirect heat.
  • Cover the sufuria with its lid, leaving some space for ventilation. You will need to add more coals on top of the lid to maintain a consistent temperature.
  1. Check the cake after about 45-60 minutes. Use a toothpick or a cake tester to insert it into the center. If it comes out clean, your cake is ready. If not, continue baking, checking every 5-10 minutes.
  2. Once done, carefully remove the cake from the Jiko using oven mitts or heat-resistant gloves. Allow it to cool in the pan for a few minutes, then transfer it to a wire rack to cool completely.

Also Read: How To Bake With A Sufuria: Your Easy Stepwise Guide

Tips to bake a cake using a jiko effectively

  • Practice and Patience: Baking on a jiko may require trial and error to get the hang of temperature control. Be patient and learn from each attempt.
  • Use the Right Cookware: Select a sturdy and appropriately sized cake pan that can fit inside your jiko. You can use a cast-iron skillet, a heavy-duty cake tin, or a deep and heavy pot with a lid.
  • Heat Management: Place a layer of sand or a wire rack at the bottom of your jiko to create a buffer between the cake and direct heat. Otherwise, you can use a metal trivet or something similar to raise the cake pan or pot slightly above the charcoal or wood to ensure even heating.
  • Create an Even-Heat Source: Spread the hot coals evenly under your jiko. If you have a metal grate, place it over the coals for a more even heat distribution.

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Frequently Asked Questions

How do I protect the cake from direct heat?

When baking with a jiko, you can protect the cake from direct heat by placing a wire rack inside the jiko before placing a Sufuria on it. You can also make an aluminum foil shield to block direct heat from the coals or wood.

How do I control the temperature on a jiko When Baking? 

You can control the jiko temperature when baking by adjusting the amount of charcoal or wood and by regulating the airflow with the jiko’s vents. It’s a good idea to practice with your jiko to get a feel for maintaining a consistent temperature.

What’s the baking time for a cake on a jiko? 

Baking time for a cake on a jiko can vary significantly based on the type and size of the cake, as well as the jiko’s temperature. It is approximately 45-60 minutes. 

You may need to bake a cake on a jiko longer than in a traditional oven. Check for doneness around the recommended baking time, and use a toothpick or cake tester to determine if it’s done.